Outdoor Film Festival in Cambodia Addresses HIV Prevention

Technicians set up the equipment for the outdoor movie screening.. Last month audiences in selected Cambodian provinces had the chance to see the Khmer film "Palace of Dreams" as part of the "Love and Relationships" outdoor film festival sponsored by UNESCO in cooperation with the French Cultural Centre (CCF). This drama, produced in 2008 by BBC World Service Trust, aims at reducing the risk of HIV infection transmission among young people. The film equipment and crew has traveled around Cambodia screening these outdoor movies to target audiences. "Palace of Dreams" is a powerful 90 minute feature about young people and their relationships. It aims to entertain and encourage the target audience to adopt behaviours that will reduce their risk of HIV infection and transmission. The drama was screened in 11 Cambodian provinces by the end of March. Although HIV rates are on the decline in Cambodia, there is no room for complacency, especially for young people, as infection rates are highest among under 24-year-olds. Some specific groups are especially in need of HIV prevention information and are a particular focus within the film: * out-of-school youth, including the 47% that work for a living, often far from home; * young people in a relationship who say they trust their partner and do not use condoms; * female entertainment workers; * men who have sex with men, who have an HIV prevalence of 5.1%, which is more than five times higher than the national average. Entire families come out for the open air cinema screenings.. Since March 2008 "The Cinema Road" project (La Route du Cinema), organized by the French Cultural Centre, has shown, free of charge, several outdoor movies in 15 different provinces of Cambodia and has reached more than 30,000 viewers. In November 2008 UNESCO's office in Phnom Penh joined CCF in the "Love and Relationships" programme, which aims to reach the maximum number of people in Cambodia and highlights challenges that the young face in intimate relationships. It focuses particularly on HIV prevention, sexuality and discrimination based on gender and/or sexual orientation; topics that formal education has been reluctant to address explicitly. For this joint project, CCF selects French films (mostly comedies) translated into Khmer while UNESCO chooses films related to the above-mentioned subjects. Each month one outdoor movie from CCF and one from UNESCO are screened in a selected province. The outdoor film screenings follow a set pattern. The CCF projectionist arrives in the province at noon and tours the town, announcing the event and inviting people to attend the show in the evening. A local NGO, responsible for distribution, organizes a prior sensitisation of the public and technical arrangements are made with the help of local people. Entire families and groups of friends attend the open air cinema screening, which takes place in a workshop environment, accompanied by a facilitated discussion. When the outdoor film is finished the projectionist takes his camera and interviews young people from the audience, asking them questions related to the drama. The project has been very well received by the public. The two movies that have drawn the greatest positive reaction are "Palace of Dreams", being screened currently, and "In the Dark", shown in November 2008. Source: UNESCO -http://www.unaids.org/en/KnowledgeCentre/Resources/FeatureStories/archive/2009/20090401_CambodiaUNESCO.asp.

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